EurekAlert! - Cancer

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Women could conceive after ovarian tumors

(Karolinska Institutet) Women receiving fertility-sparing surgery for treatment of borderline ovarian tumours were able to have children, a study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in Fertility & Sterility shows. Natural fertility was preserved in most of them and only a small proportion required assisted reproductive treatment such as in vitro fertilization. Survival in the group was also as high as in women who had undergone radical surgical for treatment of similar tumours.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/ki-wcc092520.php

An app monitors cancer patients' health status and rewards participation

(Universidad Complutense de Madrid) Gamification is becoming increasingly common in educational settings, but can also be used in other fields such as health. Researchers at the Complutense University of Madrid and the University of Zaragoza have developed the Close2U application, which enables healthcare staff to monitor cancer patients' mood and physical discomfort using daily questionnaires. In return for the information they provide, users receive motivational resources such as advice or songs that they can exchange with other patients, fostering interaction.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/ucdm-aam092520.php

An area of the brain where tumor cells shelter from chemotherapy in childhood leukaemia

(Universidad Complutense de Madrid) Sometimes, the central nervous system harbours tumour cells that elude treatment and thus become one of the main sources of relapse. Research led by the Complutense University of Madrid has identified one of these locations in which the cells remain protected: the stroma of the choroid plexus, a structure in the brain ventricles responsible for the production of cerebrospinal fluid.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/ucdm-aao092520.php

New vulnerability found in lung squamous cancer may facilitate drug targeting

(UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center) New cancer research by scientists at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, and colleagues, shows the potential for targeting a specific circular RNA, known as CDR1as, to attack lung squamous cell cancer. Lung squamous cell cancers comprise up to 30% of all lung cancers and are responsible for about 70,000 new cases and approximately 40,000 deaths each year in the U.S.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/ulcc-nvf092420.php

Trends in treatment, survival among women with advanced ovarian cancer

(JAMA Network) This observational study examined survival rates and the use of chemotherapy before surgery among women with advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer in the United States from 2004 to 2016.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/jn-tit092320.php

Next-gen bioinformatics tool enables big data analysis without programming expertise

(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) A new data analysis tool developed by MD Anderson researchers incorporates a user-friendly, natural-language interface to aid biomedical researchers without bioinformatics or programming expertise to conduct intuitive data.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/uotm-nbt092420.php

MD Anderson and Taiho Pharmaceutical announce collaboration to accelerate development of novel therapies for brain metastasis and other unmet medical needs

(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Taiho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., today announced a three-year strategic collaboration to accelerate the development of treatments for significant unmet medical needs in oncology, including patients with brain metastases and those with cancers refractory to available therapies.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/uotm-maa092420.php

St. Jude immunologist Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti, Ph.D., receives NCI award

(St. Jude Children's Research Hospital) The National Cancer Institute award provides extended support for researchers to pursue projects with groundbreaking cancer research potential.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/sjcr-sji092420.php

New analytical model detects mutations in breast cancer

(Lund University) Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have developed a computational model which is effective in detecting and identifying genetic mutations in breast tumours. The study, the largest of its kind in the world, includes results from over 3 200 patients with breast cancer.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/lu-nam092420.php

Well-known molecule not found in cancer cells after all

(Aarhus University) A new research result from Aarhus University shows that a so-called circular RNA molecule, which has been designated as carcinogenic, is actually not found in the cancer cells. The results have just been published in Nature Communications.

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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-09/au-wmn092420.php

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