EurekAlert! - Cancer

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Engineered "stealth bomber" virus could be new weapon against metastatic cancer

(Emory Health Sciences) Researchers at Emory and Case Western Reserve have re-engineered an oncolytic adenovirus. The resulting virus is not easily caught by parts of the innate immune system, making systemic delivery possible without arousing a massive inflammatory reaction.

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Multiple sclerosis may not put you at risk for breast, colorectal cancers

(American Academy of Neurology) People with multiple sclerosis (MS) may not be at higher risk of developing two of the three cancers that occur most commonly in people with MS, breast and colorectal cancer, than people who don't have the disease, according to a new study published in the November 25, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. However, the study did find that people with MS had a higher incidence of bladder cancer.

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A new website for the essence of COINS

(Innovation Center of NanoMedicine) Open a new website summarized COINS's vision on one page in easy-to-understand manner.

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Survival protein may prevent collateral damage during cancer therapy

(Walter and Eliza Hall Institute) Australian researchers have identified a protein that could protect the kidneys from 'bystander' damage caused by cancer therapies. The 'cell survival protein', called BCL-XL, was required in laboratory models to keep kidney cells alive and functioning during exposure to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Kidney damage is a common side effect of these widely used cancer therapies, and the discovery has shed light on how this damage occurs at the molecular level.

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Mapping out the mystery of blood stem cells

(University Health Network) Princess Margaret scientists have revealed how stem cells are able to generate new blood cells throughout our life by looking at vast, uncharted regions of our genetic material that hold important clues to subtle biological changes in these cells.

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Immune checkpoint inhibitor efficacy against glioblastoma may decrease with dexamethasone

(American Association for Cancer Research) Among patients with glioblastoma receiving an immune checkpoint inhibitor, those who received the corticosteroid dexamethasone at baseline for cerebral edema had significantly worse overall survival.

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Research provides new insights on health effects of long-duration space flight

(Colorado State University) Among the new findings, the research team found that chronic oxidative stress during spaceflight contributed to the telomere elongation they observed. They also found that astronauts had shorter telomeres after spaceflight than they did before.

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Cooking with wood may cause lung damage

(Radiological Society of North America) Advanced imaging with CT shows that people who cook with biomass fuels like wood are at risk of suffering considerable damage to their lungs from breathing in dangerous concentrations of pollutants and bacterial toxins, according to a study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

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