This study examined the effect of low-profile volar rim plates (VR), proximally placed standard variable-angle locking plates (pVA-LCP), and distally placed standard variable-angle locking plates (dVA-LCP) on the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon in a cadaver model. We hypothesized that tendons from the VR and pVA-LCP groups would exhibit similar contact pressures, wear patterns, and post-fatigue testing mechanical properties, whereas dVA-LCP tendons would exhibit higher contact pressures, increased tendon wear patterns, and decreased mechanical properties.
The treatment of radial longitudinal deficiency (RLD) is highly variable without clear guidelines in the literature. The current study investigated variability among hand surgeons in treatment approaches for RLD patients with anomalies of the thumb and forearm.
Raynaud phenomenon (RP) is a condition causing vasospasm in the fingers and toes of patients that can have a significant negative impact on quality of life. This can lead to pain, ulceration, and possible loss of digits. Several pharmacological options are available for treatment. However, RP can often be refractory to traditional modalities, leaving surgery or injections as the next available options. This article provides a review and update on the use of botulinum toxin as an effective therapy for the treatment of RP refractory to medical management.
Brachial plexus birth injury can differ in presentation, depending on whether the nerve ruptures distal to, or avulses proximal to, the dorsal root ganglion. More substantial contracture and bone deformity at the shoulder is typical in postganglionic injuries. However, changes to the underlying muscle structure that drive these differences in presentation are unclear.
Pronator syndrome (PS) is a compressive neuropathy of the median nerve in the proximal forearm, with symptoms that often overlap with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Because electrodiagnostic studies are often negative in PS, making the correct diagnosis can be challenging. All patients should be initially managed with nonsurgical treatment, but surgical intervention has been shown to result in satisfactory outcomes. Several surgical techniques have been described, with most outcomes data based on retrospective case series.