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Study reveals details behind transplant disparities experienced by black patients

Studies have observed that Black patients are less likely to receive kidney transplants than white patients, but it's not clear when during the transplant evaluation process this disparity occurs. Research that will be presented online during ASN Kidney Week 2020 Reimagined October 19-October 25 indicates that the disparity arises after physicians refer patients for transplantation.

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Breast cancer surgery feasible for most fit older women

(HealthDay)—The majority of older women can tolerate surgery for operable breast cancer, according to a study presented at the European Breast Cancer Conference, held virtually from Oct. 2 to 3.

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Studies show negative effects of surgical cancelations and postponements

A pair of University of Manitoba studies show the detrimental impact on patients' physical and mental health caused by surgical cancelations and postponements. These findings are especially important during the COVID-19 pandemic because of heightened surgical scheduling difficulties.

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Axillary surgery may not be necessary for all women with invasive breast cancer

More women could potentially be spared an axillary lymph node dissection—the surgical removal of 10-20 lymph nodes—a procedure that causes disabling arm swelling in up to 25% of women, according to a UCLA study led by Dr. Maggie DiNome, chief of breast surgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

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Novel bioresorbable, tissue-healing surgical device approved by FDA

A new surgical tendon fixation system that not only re-attaches damaged tissues but also facilitates healing as it is absorbed by the body has been granted 510(k) clearance by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, indicating that the device is "as safe and effective" as other legally marketed devices and is ready to go to market. Named CITRELOCK, the initial device of Acuitive Technologies' CITREGEN material is composed of a citrate-based synthetic biomaterial co-invented by Penn State's Jian Yang and Northwestern University's Guillermo Ameer.

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Critically ill infants given blood transfusions before surgery have poorer outcomes

Critically ill newborns who receive blood transfusions prior to surgery had about a 50% increased rate of complications or death than those who did not receive transfusions, according to a new study published today in Pediatrics by Nemours Children's Health System researchers. The findings demonstrate the potential danger that blood transfusions may have on the surgical outcomes of neonatal patients.

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Study reveals disparities in access to high-quality surgical care

Among U.S. patients diagnosed with breast, prostate, lung, or colorectal cancer from 2004 to 2016, those who were uninsured or had Medicare or Medicaid were less likely than privately insured patients to receive surgical care at high-volume hospitals. The findings are published in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).

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Does the new heart transplant allocation policy encourage gaming by providers?

For the past two years, a different national allocation policy has been in effect in order to more fairly distribute hearts to those who require a life-saving transplant. People who need temporary mechanical pumps to support their hearts, like ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) or a temporary LVAD (left ventricular assist device), are now given high preference.

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