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Computer model sheds light on how brain circuits might be altered in psychiatric diseases

Scientists have built a computer 'brain circuit', or artificial neural network, that mirrors human decision-making processes and sheds light on how circuits might be altered in psychiatric diseases, a new study published today in eLife reports.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200929/Computer-model-sheds-light-on-how-brain-circuits-might-be-altered-in-psychiatric-diseases.aspx

Spinal cord stimulation improves pain and motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease

A team of researchers in the United States and Japan reports that spinal cord stimulation (SCS) measurably decreased pain and reduced motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, both as a singular therapy and as a "salvage therapy" after deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapies were ineffective.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200928/Spinal-cord-stimulation-improves-pain-and-motor-symptoms-in-Parkinsone28099s-disease.aspx

Stanford researchers unravel how a common genetic deletion elevates schizophrenia risk

A common genetic deletion boosts the risk for schizophrenia by 30-fold. Generating nerve cells from people with the deletion has showed Stanford researchers why.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200928/Stanford-researchers-unravel-how-a-common-genetic-deletion-elevates-schizophrenia-risk.aspx

Brain wiring genes may be linked to a significant portion of cerebral palsy cases

In an article published in Nature Genetics, researchers confirm that about 14% of all cases of cerebral palsy, a disabling brain disorder for which there are no cures, may be linked to a patient's genes and suggest that many of those genes control how brain circuits become wired during early development.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200928/Brain-wiring-genes-may-be-linked-to-a-significant-portion-of-cerebral-palsy-cases.aspx

How many "listeners" a nerve cell has is strictly regulated, shows study

How many "listeners" a nerve cell has in the brain is strictly regulated. This is shown by an international study led by the University College London and the universities of Bonn, Bordeaux and Milton Keynes (England).

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200926/How-many-listeners-a-nerve-cell-has-is-strictly-regulated-shows-study.aspx

New study links 160 genes to brain shrinkage

A new study implicates 160 genes in brain shrinkage seen on MRIs of 45,000 healthy adults. The shrinkage is in the cortex, the dimply outer layer of the brain that gives rise to thinking, awareness and action, and largely consists of gray matter.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200925/New-study-links-160-genes-to-brain-shrinkage.aspx

Study demonstrates a proof-of-concept stem cell treatment in Parkinson's disease mouse model

The mature brain is infamously bad at repairing itself following damage like that caused by trauma or strokes, or from degenerative diseases like Parkinson's. Stem cells, which are endlessly adaptable, have offered the promise of better neural repair.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200925/Study-demonstrates-a-proof-of-concept-stem-cell-treatment-in-Parkinsons-disease-mouse-model.aspx

Berlin researchers are pursuing the development of passive vaccination

Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have identified highly effective antibodies against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and are now pursuing the development of a passive vaccination.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200925/Berlin-researchers-are-pursuing-the-development-of-passive-vaccination.aspx

Home-based pediatric teleneuropsychology evaluations shown to be effective

Administering neuropsychology evaluations to children online in the comfort of their own homes is feasible and delivers results comparable to tests traditionally performed in a clinic, a new study led by UT Southwestern researchers and Children's Health indicates.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200924/Home-based-pediatric-teleneuropsychology-evaluations-shown-to-be-effective.aspx

Stroke alarm clock may simplify and expedite time-sensitive acute stroke care

A digital clock that sounds alarms signaling each step of acute stroke care at the hospital is a low cost tool that helped doctors in Germany streamline and accelerate the time-sensitive process, according to new research published today in Stroke, a journal of the American Stroke Association, a division of the American Heart Association.

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https://www.news-medical.net/news/20200924/Stroke-alarm-clock-may-simplify-and-expedite-time-sensitive-acute-stroke-care.aspx

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