Annals of Vascular Surgery

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Combined Exercise and Nutrition Optimization for Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Systematic Review

Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who suffer from claudication have a low exercise capacity, poor quality of life, and often severe disability. Exercise and healthy nutrition have been shown to be important factors to prevent disease progression. This systematic review aims to assess the evidence supporting the use of combined nutrition and structured exercise in patients with intermittent claudication.

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Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Vascular Complications on Mortality in Patients Undergoing Femoral Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become an accepted treatment modality in the management of select patients with cardiopulmonary failure. As a result, its use has increased significantly over the past decade. However, the effect of complications on mortality is not clearly established. We performed a comprehensive, up-to-date meta-analysis of peer-reviewed literature focusing on the effect of vascular complications (VCs) on the survival of patients receiving venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) with femoral cannulation.

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The Effect of Manufacturer's Instructions for Use Compliance on Cook ZBIS Iliac-Branched Endograft Long-Term Outcomes

Current guidelines indicate iliac-branched endografts (IBDs) as the ideal means to preserve pelvic perfusion during endovascular aortic repair. Because patient vascular anatomy represents the main limitation to extensive use of these devices, off-label application may be considered to expand the number of patients being treated. The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes obtained using the Cook ZBIS endograft in the treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms as per or outside manufacturer's instruction for use (IFU).

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Surgical Resection of a Symptomatic Superior Vena Cava Lipoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

Lipomas are the most common form of benign soft tissue neoplasms and most frequently occur in the subcutaneous tissue. Rarely does a lipoma primarily arise from the arteries or veins. The most common location for an intravascular lipoma is the inferior vena cava, and rarely lipomas originate in the superior vena cava (SVC). Large lipomas of the SVC may be associated with central venous occlusive symptoms. There are only 7 cases of SVC lipomas reported in the literature. Here, we present only the second case of a large symptomatic lipoma located in the SVC, right internal jugular vein, and innominate veins.

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Three and two dimensional ultrasound is as accurate as computed tomography in aortic sac assessment after endovascular aortic repair

To compare aortic sac changes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) assessed by three dimensional ultrasound (3D-US), two dimensional ultrasound (2D-US), and traditional computed tomographic angiography (CTA).

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Normal costoclavicular distance as a standard in the radiological evaluation of thoracic outlet syndrome in the costoclavicular space

The costoclavicular space is a common site of thoracic outlet syndrome. When there is no anatomical alteration, the diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome is difficult. Several authors relate costoclavicular distance to symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome; however, there is no standardized site for measurement of the costoclavicular distance. This study aimed to determine the standard costoclavicular distance at neurovascular bundle crossing points [near the subclavian vein (Measure V) and the subclavian artery/brachial plexus branches (Measure NA)] using high-resolution chest CT scans and evaluate its variations with respect to age, sex, height, and body mass index.

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Postdischarge Opioid Use after Lower Extremity Bypass Surgery

Opioid overprescription for acute postoperative pain is an inadvertent contributor to the opioid epidemic via pill diversion and misuse. In response, the surgical community advocates for evidence-based postoperative opioid prescribing guidelines. The objective of this study is to evaluate patient-reported opioid consumption after lower extremity bypass surgery.

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Short-term and Mid-term Outcomes after Use of the Native Infrarenal Aorta as Distal Landing Zone for Fenestrated-Branched Endovascular Aortic Repair

This study aimed to examine outcomes after use of the native infrarenal aorta as distal landing zone for fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair (F-BEVAR) of pararenal-thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (PRAA-TAAA).

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Surgical Treatment of Carotid Webs in Symptomatic Young Adults

Carotid webs are possibly responsible for ischemic stroke in young adults. We aim to report a case series study about surgical treatment of this uncommon condition.

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