Cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects a substantial part of the world's population and has multiple and complex underlying causes1. Genetic, physiological, lifestyle, and psychological factors are the main variants associated with risk of myocardial infarction2.
Proximal aortic clamping under normothermia is generally adequate for operative repair of abdominal aortic rupture; however, the hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) technique is not as common. Proximal exposure and clamping are sometimes difficult due to the risk of bleeding, rerupture, and ischemia. We present a successful case of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) that was repaired using cardiopulmonary bypass with HCA. A 75-year-old man presented with sudden back pain and was diagnosed with a ruptured AAA using computed tomography.
Previous studies, mainly from the United States, have reported worse outcomes from lower limb bypass procedures in ethnic minority populations. Limited nationwide data are available from ethnic minority populations from Europe. The aim of this study is to investigate outcomes from lower limb bypass procedures in ethnic minorities from England.
Image 1El Capitan, Yosemite Valley, 1875 - Oil on canvas (81.7 × 122.2 cm)
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become a valid alternative to carotid endarterectomy in stroke prevention. However, female gender is still considered as an independent risk factor for CAS procedures, potentially limiting immediate and long-term benefits. Aim of present study was to evaluate gender differences in CAS submitted patients from an Italian high-volume center.
Carotid jugular fistula and pseudoaneurysm are easy to form after gunshot injury of carotid artery. Endovascular therapy, such as stent graft implantation, can successfully block the fistula and pseudoaneurysm cavity. However, the possibility of in-stent restenosis or occlusion will lead to treatment failure. The authors describe the case of a 30-year-old man with carotid jugular fistula and pseudoaneurysm after gunshot injury of left carotid artery who had received stent graft placement. However, two years after stent graft, the stenosis of proximal carotid artery near stent was found and gradually aggravated.
Ischemic steal syndrome (ISS) secondary to an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in the lower extremity (LE) is a rare occurrence. Herein, we report a case of symptomatic ISS in an adult male due to an iatrogenic AVF in the left LE, which was surgically repaired by placing an arterial stent across the acquired AVF of the peroneal artery to the peroneal vein.
A 63-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department with weakness and hematochezia. He was found to have a massive gastroepiploic artery pseudoaneurysm that had eroded into the transverse colon. He underwent open en bloc resection of the aneurysm, a portion of the stomach, and a portion of the transverse colon. The case and a brief review of gastroepiploic aneurysms is presented.
Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. The impact of thrombotic complications has been increasingly recognized as an important component of this disease.Case reports: We describe four cases of spontaneous acute aortic thrombosis in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection observed from March to December 2020 at Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Gemelli IRCCS in Rome, Italy.